Joshua King, 18471928 (aged 80 years)

Name
Joshua /King/
Given names
Joshua
Nickname
Jos
Surname
King
Birth
Military
Note: Joshua is recorded both as a Sapper, and as a 2nd Corporal 22 Company, in the Royal Engineers (both as of record year 1871). He landed in Magdala, Abyssinia (now Ethiopia,) on December 12, 1867 to fight in the Battle of Magdala. He was 20 years old. His Regimental number was 8712. He may have been awarded a medal for his efforts in this battle.

Joshua is recorded both as a Sapper, and as a 2nd Corporal 22 Company, in the Royal Engineers (both as of record year 1871). He landed in Magdala, Abyssinia (now Ethiopia,) on December 12, 1867 to fight in the Battle of Magdala. He was 20 years old. His Regimental number was 8712. He may have been awarded a medal for his efforts in this battle.
(Source: UK Military Campaign Medal and Award Rolls, 1739-1949)

Possibly also posted to Afghanistan, as a Telegrapher +?

All participating soldiers and officers apparently received a campaign medal - the'Abyssinian War Medal". https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Abyssinian_War_Medal

Promoted from Sapper to Corporal 2nd class in 1871?

Occupation
INDI:OCCU:CORP: New Zealand Post Office
Address: 47a South Road
Manaia
Taranaki
New Zealand
Note: Joshua King is shown 4th in a list of past Manaia postmasters on the document "Manaia Heritage Inventory" by South Taranaki District Council, 2000 (amended 2003)

Joshua King is shown 4th in a list of past Manaia postmasters on the document "Manaia Heritage Inventory" by South Taranaki District Council, 2000 (amended 2003)

George Osborne Email to Paul King (27/09/06) "He put the first telegraph wire round Mt. Egmont"

HISTORY - Excerpt from pg 54 of that document

"In May 1881 Manaia settlers were agitating for a post and telephone depot. The following year, deputations pressing for a Post Office met with visiting Premier Mr Hall and a Post Office inspector to put their case. In September 1882, Parliament approved the post and telephone office, and on 5 October it was set up in part of the Drill Hall. When the Armed Constabulary was removed in 1883 a permanent Post Office building was erected, using materials from the redoubt. As business increased itwas added to three times.
During the process of establishing a post and telegraph depot in Manaia, it was discovered that there was another Post Office named Manaia situated 47 miles from Auckland. Local Manaia residents refused a name change and the Post Office near Auckland was renamed 'Dunbar'.
In 1910/1911 a decision was made to build a new Post Office and for £90 Messrs Lloyd and McVicar moved the existing building on rollers around the corner where it became a library and dental rooms. The telephone exchange, which began in May 1917, now stands in its place.

Family residence
Address: Manaia, Taranaki, New Zealand
Note: First known NZ residence for Joshua King's family

First known NZ residence for Joshua King's family

Joshua King was Postmaster in Manaia from 1888. Moving south, Joshua is later listed in the The Cyclopedia of New Zealand [Otago & Southland Provincial Districts] 1903 as being in Tapanui, Otago:
"The Tapanui Post And Telegraph Office is picturequely situated upon one of the most elevated situations in the town, and can be classed as one of the neatest country offices in Otago. Internally, it is a model of convenience and consideration for the needs of the public. The office was erected in 1895 at a cost of £500. During the Queen's Diamond Jubilee a very handsome clock was presented by the residents of Tapanui and placed in the centre of the building, where it is a decided ornament. Mr. Joshua King is Postmaster and Telegraphist."

The family is listed in Dunedin city directories from around 1912.

Death of a mother
Residence
Source citation: @England and Wales Census, 1871@
Note: The census of 1871 lists Joshua as aged 23, and a lodger.
Marriage of a brother
1872 (aged 24 years)
Death of a father
January 1876 (aged 28 years)
Religious marriage
Religion: Catholic Apostolic Church
Occupation
Telegraph officer, postmaster, and stationmaster
between November 1, 1878 and December 24, 1880 (aged 33 years)
Employer: Post Officer, and then Railways
Source citation: @www.elibrarynz.com (NZ Railway Post Offices)@
Note: Email from Jeff Pyle of www.elibrarynz.com to Monica Moriyasu 8/9/2013 ".. Shows your great grandfather, Joshua King was the Postmaster and Station Master at Halcombe, Manawatu from 1.11.1878 to 24.12.1880 when his position was taken over by James B Gould.

Email from Jeff Pyle of www.elibrarynz.com to Monica Moriyasu 8/9/2013 ".. Shows your great grandfather, Joshua King was the Postmaster and Station Master at Halcombe, Manawatu from 1.11.1878 to 24.12.1880 when his position was taken over by James B Gould.

It would appear that the railway line was opened to here from the southeast on the 22 April 1878 he would have operated the telegraph link until the Post Office was moved from the local store (which had opened in Halcombe settlement store with W.H.Lask as Postmaster on 1 July 1878) on 1st November 1878. For his duties as Postmaster and Telegraph Officer he was paid 80 pounds PLUS his railway salary as Stationmaster. (A large salary in those days.)"

Birth of a daughter
July 27, 1880 (aged 33 years)
Birth of a son
June 6, 1881 (aged 33 years)
Birth of a daughter
December 9, 1882 (aged 35 years)
Note: Month of December is a best guess - the cursive and abbreviated handwritten record of mother Clara Jane is very difficult in this case - see source
Birth of a daughter
March 22, 1883 (aged 35 years)
Birth of a son
February 3, 1885 (aged 37 years)
Death of a daughter
October 25, 1886 (aged 39 years)
Birth of a son
February 11, 1887 (aged 39 years)
Birth of a son
March 9, 1888 (aged 40 years)
Birth of a daughter
Death of a son
Note: 22 NOV 1889 is recorded in Clara Janes Register, noted probably 13-15 years after the fact.

22 NOV 1889 is recorded in Clara Janes Register, noted probably 13-15 years after the fact.
Cemetary records made at the time record 03 JAN 1890, and this is assumed most likely to be correct.
As Registrar at the time, it is very likey father Joshua King's own record with Births Deaths & Marriages would clarify.

Burial of a son
Cemetery: Manaia Burial Old Lawn
Note: Clara Jane's family register shows Wilfred as having died on 22 November 1889, while the South Taraanaki online cemetary registry listing shows death on 03 Jan 1890, interrement on 05 Jan 1890.

Clara Jane's family register shows Wilfred as having died on 22 November 1889, while the South Taraanaki online cemetary registry listing shows death on 03 Jan 1890, interrement on 05 Jan 1890.

Email from June Wallace, Library Plus Officer, Manaia, South Taranaki District Council (27/09/06): "I have checked our burial register and the only information that we hold is what is showing on our Cemetery records. The burial register book showsthat Wilfred King died at Manaia on the 3rd January 1890, no burial date, no age at time of death. The burial was paid for by Joshua King on the 3rd January 1890.

The information has been taken from both the headstone at the cemetery and the written record from the burial register.

Sorry I can not give you any further information but it may be possible for you to obtain further information from Death, Birth and marriage records."

Paul King (27/09/06) comment: Ironically, Joshua would have been the local Registrar at the time, so would have had to record his own son's death.

Joshua must also have needed a great level of self control to have arranged and paid for his own sons burial on the very day he died - perhaps just better to get it over with?

Will meanwhile assume the Cemetary register record, having been taken at the time, is more likely to be accurate than Clara Janes record written after the fact (likely at between 13 to 15 yeas later, judging by handwritten entries).

Birth Deaths & Marriages records should be consulted to verify

Gravestone is located in the "Old Lawn", new Plot ID 797, Block V

Birth of a son
Birth of a son
March 28, 1893 (aged 45 years)
Birth of a son
Birth of a son
August 13, 1896 (aged 49 years)
Death of a daughter
July 18, 1913 (aged 66 years)
Death of a brother
October 5, 1913 (aged 66 years)
Family residence
Address: Cameron Street, Napier, New Zealand
Text:

https://www.nzwargraves.org.nz/casualties/arnold-king

Death of a son
Cause: Gunshot wound to upper thigh/groin
Note: Commonwealth war graves website http://www.cwgc.org/search/casualty_details.aspx?casualty=112993

Commonwealth war graves website http://www.cwgc.org/search/casualty_details.aspx?casualty=112993
lists the following details

Name: KING, ARNOLD
Initials: A
Nationality: New Zealand
Rank: Private
Regiment/Service: Otago Regiment, N.Z.E.F.
Date of Death: 17/08/1915
Service No: 8/2031
Casualty Type: Commonwealth War Dead
Grave/Memorial Reference: D. 36.
Cemetery: CAIRO WAR MEMORIAL CEMETERY

Paul King (7/8/06): Commonwealth War Graves Cemetery appears to be at in Abu Seifein Street, Old Cairo.

Arnold's entry in the Evening Post "Roll of Honour" casualty list:
Volume XC, Issue 46, 23 August 1915, Page 2

..."DIED OF WOUNDS
OTAGO BATTALION

King Arnold, 8/2031), Pte. (Joshua King, Mill-road, Mornington, Dunedin, father); 17 August. 2nd General Hospital, Cairo"...

Marriage of a son
Birth of a granddaughter
Birth of a granddaughter
Birth of a granddaughter
July 7, 1920 (aged 73 years)
Birth of a grandson
1921 (aged 73 years)
Birth of a grandson
Birth of a grandson
Birth of a granddaughter
Death
June 3, 1928 (aged 80 years)
Burial
Cemetery: Karori Cemetary
Family with parents
father
18181876
Birth: October 1, 1818 33 32 Oxfordshire, England
Death: January 1876
mother
18141854
Birth: October 12, 1814Morston Marsh, Gloucestershire
Death: November 9, 1854
Marriage MarriageMarch 10, 1837
10 years
himself
Tapanui General Post Office circa 1905
18471928
Birth: June 17, 1847 28 32 Woburn, Bedfordshire
Death: June 3, 1928
brother
Family with Clara Jane Skelton
himself
Tapanui General Post Office circa 1905
18471928
Birth: June 17, 1847 28 32 Woburn, Bedfordshire
Death: June 3, 1928
wife
Snippet from Clara Jane's Diary
18541935
Birth: November 3, 1854 30 31 Westminster, Middlesex
Death: August 26, 1935
Religious marriage Religious marriageAugust 28, 1879Wellington, New Zealand
11 months
daughter
10 months
son
18811890
Birth: June 6, 1881 33 26
Death: January 3, 1890Manaia, Taranaki
18 months
daughter
18821913
Birth: December 9, 1882 35 28
Death: July 18, 1913Dunedin
3 months
daughter
18831886
Birth: March 22, 1883 35 28
Death: October 25, 1886
23 months
son
18851965
Birth: February 3, 1885 37 30
Death: 1965
2 years
son
18871954
Birth: February 11, 1887 39 32
Death: July 1954
13 months
son
18881958
Birth: March 9, 1888 40 33
Death: 1958
13 months
daughter
18891959
Birth: April 1, 1889 41 34 Manaia, Taranaki
Death: December 18, 1959Wellington, NewZealand
2 years
son
Treaty Of Waitangi
18911983
Birth: May 15, 1891 43 36 Manaia, New Zealand
Death: August 22, 1983Levin, New Zealand
23 months
son
18931942
Birth: March 28, 1893 45 38
Death: May 19, 1942Wellington, New Zealand
10 months
son
1914-1915 Star with supplied ribbon
18941915
Birth: January 18, 1894 46 39 Manaia, Taranaki
Death: August 17, 1915Egypt
3 years
son
18961981
Birth: August 13, 1896 49 41
Death: June 8, 1981
Occupation
Residence
Source citation: @England and Wales Census, 1871@
Occupation
Source citation: @www.elibrarynz.com (NZ Railway Post Offices)@
Family residence
Text:

https://www.nzwargraves.org.nz/casualties/arnold-king

Death
Burial
Military

Joshua is recorded both as a Sapper, and as a 2nd Corporal 22 Company, in the Royal Engineers (both as of record year 1871). He landed in Magdala, Abyssinia (now Ethiopia,) on December 12, 1867 to fight in the Battle of Magdala. He was 20 years old. His Regimental number was 8712. He may have been awarded a medal for his efforts in this battle.
(Source: UK Military Campaign Medal and Award Rolls, 1739-1949)

Possibly also posted to Afghanistan, as a Telegrapher +?

All participating soldiers and officers apparently received a campaign medal - the'Abyssinian War Medal". https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Abyssinian_War_Medal

Promoted from Sapper to Corporal 2nd class in 1871?

Occupation

Joshua King is shown 4th in a list of past Manaia postmasters on the document "Manaia Heritage Inventory" by South Taranaki District Council, 2000 (amended 2003)

George Osborne Email to Paul King (27/09/06) "He put the first telegraph wire round Mt. Egmont"

HISTORY - Excerpt from pg 54 of that document

"In May 1881 Manaia settlers were agitating for a post and telephone depot. The following year, deputations pressing for a Post Office met with visiting Premier Mr Hall and a Post Office inspector to put their case. In September 1882, Parliament approved the post and telephone office, and on 5 October it was set up in part of the Drill Hall. When the Armed Constabulary was removed in 1883 a permanent Post Office building was erected, using materials from the redoubt. As business increased itwas added to three times.
During the process of establishing a post and telegraph depot in Manaia, it was discovered that there was another Post Office named Manaia situated 47 miles from Auckland. Local Manaia residents refused a name change and the Post Office near Auckland was renamed 'Dunbar'.
In 1910/1911 a decision was made to build a new Post Office and for £90 Messrs Lloyd and McVicar moved the existing building on rollers around the corner where it became a library and dental rooms. The telephone exchange, which began in May 1917, now stands in its place.

Residence

The census of 1871 lists Joshua as aged 23, and a lodger.

Occupation

Email from Jeff Pyle of www.elibrarynz.com to Monica Moriyasu 8/9/2013 ".. Shows your great grandfather, Joshua King was the Postmaster and Station Master at Halcombe, Manawatu from 1.11.1878 to 24.12.1880 when his position was taken over by James B Gould.

It would appear that the railway line was opened to here from the southeast on the 22 April 1878 he would have operated the telegraph link until the Post Office was moved from the local store (which had opened in Halcombe settlement store with W.H.Lask as Postmaster on 1 July 1878) on 1st November 1878. For his duties as Postmaster and Telegraph Officer he was paid 80 pounds PLUS his railway salary as Stationmaster. (A large salary in those days.)"

Family residence

First known NZ residence for Joshua King's family

Joshua King was Postmaster in Manaia from 1888. Moving south, Joshua is later listed in the The Cyclopedia of New Zealand [Otago & Southland Provincial Districts] 1903 as being in Tapanui, Otago:
"The Tapanui Post And Telegraph Office is picturequely situated upon one of the most elevated situations in the town, and can be classed as one of the neatest country offices in Otago. Internally, it is a model of convenience and consideration for the needs of the public. The office was erected in 1895 at a cost of £500. During the Queen's Diamond Jubilee a very handsome clock was presented by the residents of Tapanui and placed in the centre of the building, where it is a decided ornament. Mr. Joshua King is Postmaster and Telegraphist."

The family is listed in Dunedin city directories from around 1912.

Note

Mark King (phone call with Paul King 18/7/2015) reports family legend that Joshua got his job as postmaster / telegrapher on arrival in New Zealand because he put his hand up when somebody asked "who knows anything about electricity?"

Staff procurement procedures were presumably a bit more straightforward back then.

Occupation
Media object
Tapanui General Post Office circa 1905
Tapanui General Post Office circa 1905
Media object
JoshuaKing/Joshua King NZ Gazette Entry Search 1841-1919.doc
Media object
Catholic Apostolic Church Interior, Webb Street, circa 1930
Catholic Apostolic Church Interior, Webb Street, circa 1930
Media object
Catholic Apostolic Church exterior, Webb Street, circa 1930
Catholic Apostolic Church exterior, Webb Street, circa 1930
Note: Church appears to have been converted to apartments (as observed via Google Street View, July 2015)
Media object
Tapanui General Post Office circa 1905
Tapanui General Post Office circa 1905