Marcus King, 18911983 (aged 92 years)

Name
Marcus /King/
Surname
King
Given names
Marcus
Birth May 15, 1891 43 36
Birth of a brotherGilbert King
March 28, 1893 (aged 1 year)

Birth of a brotherArnold King
January 18, 1894 (aged 2 years)
Birth of a brotherBasil King
August 13, 1896 (aged 5 years)

Death of a maternal grandfatherSamuel John Brewer Skelton
January 13, 1897 (aged 5 years)
Burial of a maternal grandfatherSamuel John Brewer Skelton
January 18, 1897 (aged 5 years)
Death of a maternal grandmotherElizabeth Agnes Turner
May 24, 1910 (aged 19 years)
Burial of a maternal grandmotherElizabeth Agnes Turner
May 28, 1910 (aged 19 years)
Death of a sisterAlice King
July 18, 1913 (aged 22 years)
Death of a brotherArnold King
August 17, 1915 (aged 24 years)
Cause: Gunshot wound to upper thigh/groin
Note: Commonwealth war graves website http://www.cwgc.org/search/casualty_details.aspx?casualty=112993

Commonwealth war graves website http://www.cwgc.org/search/casualty_details.aspx?casualty=112993 lists the following details

Name: KING, ARNOLD Initials: A Nationality: New Zealand Rank: Private Regiment/Service: Otago Regiment, N.Z.E.F. Date of Death: 17/08/1915 Service No: 8/2031 Casualty Type: Commonwealth War Dead Grave/Memorial Reference: D. 36. Cemetery: CAIRO WAR MEMORIAL CEMETERY

Paul King (7/8/06): Commonwealth War Graves Cemetery appears to be at in Abu Seifein Street, Old Cairo.

Arnold's entry in the Evening Post "Roll of Honour" casualty list: Volume XC, Issue 46, 23 August 1915, Page 2

..."DIED OF WOUNDS OTAGO BATTALION

King Arnold, 8/2031), Pte. (Joshua King, Mill-road, Mornington, Dunedin, father); 17 August. 2nd General Hospital, Cairo"...

Death of a fatherJoshua King
June 3, 1928 (aged 37 years)

Burial of a fatherJoshua King
June 6, 1928 (aged 37 years)
Cemetery: Karori Cemetary
Residence to 1935 (aged 43 years)
Address: 8 Bidwill St, Mount Cook, Wellington, New Zealand
Residence from 1935 (aged 43 years)

Address: Hinau St, Hataitai, Wellington, New Zealand
Note: Mark King email to Paul King (19 Aug 2006): "Dad Married Mum and they moved to Hinau St Hataitai. Da…

Mark King email to Paul King (19 Aug 2006): "Dad Married Mum and they moved to Hinau St Hataitai. Dad built a studio there with the much prized south facing skylight to provide a more even light over the day."

Death of a motherClara Jane Skelton
August 26, 1935 (aged 44 years)

Note: Mark King email to Paul King (19 Aug 2006): "Gaby has details of the will ."
Burial of a motherClara Jane Skelton
August 28, 1935 (aged 44 years)
Cemetery: Karori Cemetary
Residence from 1941 (aged 49 years)
Death of a brotherGilbert King
May 19, 1942 (aged 51 years)
Residence from 1944 (aged 52 years)
Note: Recollection of Mark King
Birth of a daughterStephanie Anne King
January 16, 1945 (aged 53 years)
Burial of a brotherOliver King
July 12, 1954 (aged 63 years)
Cemetery: Karori Cemetary
Death of a brotherOliver King
July 1954 (aged 63 years)

Note: Date of death inferred from known burial date
Death of a wifeKathleen Munro Clark
December 24, 1955 (aged 64 years)
Cause: Stroke
Burial of a wifeKathleen Munro Clark
December 28, 1955 (aged 64 years)
Cemetery: Karori Cemetary
MarriageMuriel McPheeView this family
November 2, 1957 (aged 66 years)
Death of a brotherRoland King
1958 (aged 66 years)

Death of a sisterClarice King
December 18, 1959 (aged 68 years)
Death of a brotherSidney King
1965 (aged 73 years)

Burial of a brotherSidney King
August 9, 1965 (aged 74 years)
Cemetery: Karori Cemetary
Death of a brotherBasil King
June 8, 1981 (aged 90 years)

Residence 1983 (aged 91 years)
Note: Also moved to Nelson for a while, after retiring from the NZ Government Department of Publicity at a…

Also moved to Nelson for a while, after retiring from the NZ Government Department of Publicity at age 70 (c.1961), before moving to Waikanae. Nelson home possibly the one later mentioned as being owned by Muriel King (nee McPhee) in Mark King's taped interview with Muriel.

Death August 22, 1983 (aged 92 years)
Note: Source - TePapa http://collections.tepapa.govt.nz/Person/1259

Source - TePapa http://collections.tepapa.govt.nz/Person/1259

Note date of birth and age at death information on Marcus' gravestone conflicts with his interment record as currently shown, both of which conflict with Births Deaths & Marriages info.

The Funeral directors IC Mark of Waikenae Ltd were responsible for both gravestone and interment record details, as well as notifying Births Deaths and Marriages as to date of death, as I (Paul King) understand it from discussing it with them.

IC Marks indicated in an email message to me (2016) that they had relied upon information provided by Muriel, and that there would be a $1500 fee for correcting the details on the gravestone, should we wish it.

We have Marcus own handwritten record as to date of birth in his military records, which matches BDM, and presumably an actual date of death would be harder to get wrong than a calculation as to age at death, and any serious error as to date of death would likely have been noticed by BDM (e.g. if it was received by BDM in 1983 but date of death recorded was as per interment record 1984)

The balance of probabilities would seem to support Births Deaths & Marriages info as correct, and that other figures were a result of miscalculation / mis remembering by Muriel who may have represented his age at death variously as 93 or 95 (instead of 92)

I contacted Kāpiti Coast District Council (who admisister the Waikanae Cemetary) about this on 17/10/2016, and they have confirmed they will update their records.

Burial August 24, 1983 (2 days after death)
Religion
Catholic Apostolic Church

Note: Son Mark King (2006) recalls "Marcus followed a christian sect which,towards the end of 19th century…

Son Mark King (2006) recalls "Marcus followed a christian sect which,towards the end of 19th century had set up a group of apostles to welcome the second coming anticipated as the 20th century started"

"They called themselves the "Apostolic Church". All that was left when I was a kid was one Deacon, George Osborne, whose son George is my cousin and still lives in Seatoun heights, he is around 84."

After George Osborne died (1965) "the church effectivly died. He was the last ordained member of the original priesthood. Dad used to go to the anglican church in Moxham Av. Hataitai after that" "Everybody in the family from Grandfather (Joshua King) down was involved as far as I can tell"

The Church building attended by the Kings and the Osbornes still stands in Webb Street, Wellington, and George Osborne, Grandson of the Deacon Geoge Osborne, recalls being taken there as a child by grandmother Clara Jane King (nee Skelton), wifeof Joshua King.

Click source link for background info.

Paul King (12/8/06) further investiigation: The King & Osborne families could have been involved even earlier than Joshua King and Clara Jane Skelton & George Osborns if the sect began as early as 1835?. Perhaps marriage or baptism records in the UK might indicate earlier denominational preferences?

Family with parents
father
Tapanui General Post Office circa 1905
18471928
Birth: June 17, 1847 28 32Woburn, Bedfordshire
Death: June 3, 1928
mother
Snippet from Clara Jane's Diary
18541935
Birth: November 3, 1854 30 31Westminster, Middlesex
Death: August 26, 1935
Religious marriage Religious marriageAugust 28, 1879Wellington, New Zealand
11 months
elder sister
10 months
elder brother
18811890
Birth: June 6, 1881 33 26
Death: January 3, 1890Manaia, Taranaki
18 months
elder sister
18821913
Birth: December 9, 1882 35 28
Death: July 18, 1913Dunedin
3 months
elder sister
18831886
Birth: March 22, 1883 35 28
Death: October 25, 1886
23 months
elder brother
18851965
Birth: February 3, 1885 37 30
Death: 1965
2 years
elder brother
18871954
Birth: February 11, 1887 39 32
Death: July 1954
13 months
elder brother
13 months
elder sister
18891959
Birth: April 1, 1889 41 34Manaia, Taranaki
Death: December 18, 1959Wellington, NewZealand
2 years
himself
Treaty Of Waitangi
18911983
Birth: May 15, 1891 43 36Manaia, New Zealand
Death: August 22, 1983Levin, New Zealand
23 months
younger brother
18931942
Birth: March 28, 1893 45 38
Death: May 19, 1942Wellington, New Zealand
10 months
younger brother
1914-1915 Star with supplied ribbon
18941915
Birth: January 18, 1894 46 39Manaia, Taranaki
Death: August 17, 1915Egypt
3 years
younger brother
18961981
Birth: August 13, 1896 49 41
Death: June 8, 1981
Family with Kathleen Munro Clark
himself
Treaty Of Waitangi
18911983
Birth: May 15, 1891 43 36Manaia, New Zealand
Death: August 22, 1983Levin, New Zealand
wife
19031955
Birth: 1903 31 27Morrinsville, New Zealand
Death: December 24, 1955Wellington
son
Private
daughter
Private
daughter
Stephanie, Chouteau June 2006
19452015
Birth: January 16, 1945 53 42Wellington, New Zealand
Death: January 29, 2015Pryor, OK
Family with Muriel McPhee
himself
Treaty Of Waitangi
18911983
Birth: May 15, 1891 43 36Manaia, New Zealand
Death: August 22, 1983Levin, New Zealand
wife
Marcus (right), Muriel (left) and Mona (middle) King, late 1970's
1991
Birth:
Death: November 1991
Marriage MarriageNovember 2, 1957St Andrews Presbyterian Church, The Terrace, Wellington, New Zealand
Residence

Mark King email to Paul King (19 Aug 2006): "Dad Married Mum and they moved to Hinau St Hataitai. Dad built a studio there with the much prized south facing skylight to provide a more even light over the day."

Residence

Recollection of Mark King

Residence

Also moved to Nelson for a while, after retiring from the NZ Government Department of Publicity at age 70 (c.1961), before moving to Waikanae. Nelson home possibly the one later mentioned as being owned by Muriel King (nee McPhee) in Mark King's taped interview with Muriel.

Death

Source - TePapa http://collections.tepapa.govt.nz/Person/1259

Note date of birth and age at death information on Marcus' gravestone conflicts with his interment record as currently shown, both of which conflict with Births Deaths & Marriages info.

The Funeral directors IC Mark of Waikenae Ltd were responsible for both gravestone and interment record details, as well as notifying Births Deaths and Marriages as to date of death, as I (Paul King) understand it from discussing it with them.

IC Marks indicated in an email message to me (2016) that they had relied upon information provided by Muriel, and that there would be a $1500 fee for correcting the details on the gravestone, should we wish it.

We have Marcus own handwritten record as to date of birth in his military records, which matches BDM, and presumably an actual date of death would be harder to get wrong than a calculation as to age at death, and any serious error as to date of death would likely have been noticed by BDM (e.g. if it was received by BDM in 1983 but date of death recorded was as per interment record 1984)

The balance of probabilities would seem to support Births Deaths & Marriages info as correct, and that other figures were a result of miscalculation / mis remembering by Muriel who may have represented his age at death variously as 93 or 95 (instead of 92)

I contacted Kāpiti Coast District Council (who admisister the Waikanae Cemetary) about this on 17/10/2016, and they have confirmed they will update their records.

Religion

Son Mark King (2006) recalls "Marcus followed a christian sect which,towards the end of 19th century had set up a group of apostles to welcome the second coming anticipated as the 20th century started"

"They called themselves the "Apostolic Church". All that was left when I was a kid was one Deacon, George Osborne, whose son George is my cousin and still lives in Seatoun heights, he is around 84."

After George Osborne died (1965) "the church effectivly died. He was the last ordained member of the original priesthood. Dad used to go to the anglican church in Moxham Av. Hataitai after that" "Everybody in the family from Grandfather (Joshua King) down was involved as far as I can tell"

The Church building attended by the Kings and the Osbornes still stands in Webb Street, Wellington, and George Osborne, Grandson of the Deacon Geoge Osborne, recalls being taken there as a child by grandmother Clara Jane King (nee Skelton), wifeof Joshua King.

Click source link for background info.

Paul King (12/8/06) further investiigation: The King & Osborne families could have been involved even earlier than Joshua King and Clara Jane Skelton & George Osborns if the sect began as early as 1835?. Perhaps marriage or baptism records in the UK might indicate earlier denominational preferences?

Note

Son Mark King (21 Aug 2006) recalls "Painting was what Marcus lived for"

Marcus was tutored at Elam School of Art in Auckland by Swedish born artist Edvard Fristöm (whom he first met around 1906)

Fristöm tendered his resignation at Elam during Marcus King's studies, at least partly over a pay dispute with the Board

"In response to his resignation a group of students formed a breakaway class which Fristöm attended as mentor. The students, who included Minnie White, Ida Eise, George Finey and Marcus King, made representations to the Elam board in May 1915, stating that Fristöm was leaving the school against the wishes of the students. However, the board informed them that his resignation had been accepted and they were not prepared to re-open the subject. The students continued to lobby in the local press, but Fristöm left Elam on 30 June 1915,

On 5 July Fristöm and his wife left Auckland for Wellington where they took ship for the United States to join a son and daughter. Despite his involvement in art activities in northern California Fristöm did not become widely known in the United States. He exhibited rural and seaside views, but found America's great distances inconvenient and returned to studio work despite his preference for plein air painting (French expression which means 'in the open air'). He died on 27 March 1950 in San Anselmo, California."

Wilson, Elizabeth S. 'Fristöm, Clas Edvard 1864 - 1950'. Dictionary of New Zealand Biography, updated 7 April 2006 URL: http://www.dnzb.govt.nz/)

Mark King (17 Aug 2006): "Dad used to go painting around Wellington and Wairarapa with Fristöm from around 1908 to 1915 when Fristrom went back to california. We have a letter to Dad dated 1931 amongst the papers."

To pay the bills, during office hours Marcus worked at the New Zealand Public Works Department (precurser to the Ministry of Works & Development) from 1906 - with an initial prospect of training as an Architect, though he quickly found his abilities did not lie in that direction. After 17 years he left to work at a number of comercial art agencies (all the while continuing to paint after hours), before finally joining the New Zealand Government Publicity department -where his artistic skill became quickly recognized, and where he found himself painting almost full time: most notably landscapes, but also historical reconstruction and mural work, illustrations and paintings from photos. His paintings were in high demand and hung in embassies and offices around the world.

Marcus retired from the department at the age of 70.

Note

Archives New Zealand shows Marcus was enlisted as a soldier in World War I from 1914 to 1918 (reference number 70294). Mark recalls he was sent as far abroad as Britain, and was stationed at Grantham, but the only Germans he saw were POW's

Marcus also served in the Home Guard during World War II, and according to Mark, did not particularly enjoy all the marching up & down.

Marcus's sister Florence was apparently very unhappy with him when he married one of the servants (Kathleen Munro Clark) at the family home in Bidwill Street, Mount Cook, Wellington, and refused to speak to him thereafter.

Geoge Osborne email to Paul King (18 Aug 2006): "This morning while having breakfast a memory came to mind. From time to time, as a very small boy, I would be taken to my King Grandparents for a couple of days. I remember my UncleMarcus (your Grandad) had a big room at the top of the house at 8 Bidwell St. I was never allowed there except under escort. I remember that there were lots of pictures all around the room. It would be 1925 to 1927 maybe 8 I think. I spent Saturday nights there quite frequently later when I was old enough to travel on the trams alone from when I would have been 7 or 8 and older."

"Uncle Sid was living at home - he was working. I just do not remember the others in the house now. I had met Oliver but do not know where. Met Floss (I was 3) at their Darfield home - I remember banks of lovely spring flowering bulbs- masses of them. One of my very earliest recollections."

Daughter Stephanie King once recounted to Paul King a story told her by her father Marcus, about two of his older brothers (or possibly uncles, or great uncles) who were chopping wood one day: One brother said to the other "You put your finger on the block & I'll chop it off". And each calling the other's bluff, that is apparently exactly what they did.

Note

Marcus King was born in 1891 in Taranaki, where his father was postmaster. In his ninth year the family moved to Tapanui, Southland. King yearned for a career in art and at the age of 15 he won a junior cadetship in the architectural division of the Public Works Department in Wellington.

A transfer to Auckland in 1906 enabled him to attend evening classes at the Elam School of Art under an inspiring Swedish painter, Edward Friström. The young Marcus King and Edward Friström developed a lively friendship and went sketching together around the Auckland region. When King returned to Wellington in 1915, Friström stayed with him and the two artists continued working together and exhibiting at the New Zealand Academy of Fine Arts.

The First World War disrupted this happy and fruitful time. In 1915 Fristöm left New Zealand for the United States of America and King later enlisted in the army. After returning from the War, King left the civil service and went to work in advertising as a commercial artist. During this time he also taught art at the Wellington Technical Institute. It was King’s practice as a well-established commercial artist that led him to join the Quoin Club. The club, which borrowed its name from the printing process, promoted the fostering of Arts & Crafts in Auckland. The club and Marcus King together promoted the idea of utilizing traditional commercial printing processes in order to create works of fine art. This experience is evident in King’s commercial posters of the time.

During his commercial career, King kept up his association with the Academy of Fine Arts and served on the council from 1929 to 1941 with artists such as D. K. Richmond, N. Welch and M. Tripe. King also continued to exhibit at the Academy until 1964. After ten years of working in various agencies, King returned to the civil service in 1935. Marcus King is perhaps best known for the significant body of commercial and fine art work that he created for the New Zealand Tourism Department. King’s paintings and posters were of such quality that they were sent all over the world, marketing the pristine beauty of Aotearoa, New Zealand.

Having established himself as a painter of considerable ability, King received numerous commissions. The Wellington City Council commissioned an oil painting of the city and harbour, which was given by the city to Lord Freyberg when he finished his term as Governor General. Another commission saw two of his paintings destined for the South Pole. One of his favourite projects during this time was a series of paintings depicting Maori life prior to the arrival of the Europeans. Two of these works used to hang in the Commonwealth Institute in London.

Marcus King has been described as ‘small and sprightly’ with a ‘huge personality’, a very religious man, who was widely admired for his creative talent. It was his habit to sign his paintings with a large flamboyant signature and he always carefully crafted his own canvasses, often using Swedish hardboard.

King holds an important place in 20th Century New Zealand art following a distinguished career as an artist and also as one who used his talent to capture and promote the beauty of New Zealand. Marcus King leaves as his legacy to the nation, a collection of fine New Zealand landscape paintings, as well as a significant body of commercial artwork.

Note

Link to article on Marcus King by Peter Alsop

http://publicaddress.net/speaker/marcus-king-a-cocktail-of-art-and-industry/

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Note: Oil painting by Marcus King 1939

Oil painting by Marcus King 1939 Image still (2006) referenced by several government websites dealing with the Treaty: an "idealised but a reasonably accurate depiction of who was there"

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Note: Jonathan Grant Galleries listing~~http:/www.artis-jgg.co.nz/stockroom_artists_sel.asp?art=77~~~~ARTI…

Jonathan Grant Galleries listing~~http:/www.artis-jgg.co.nz/stockroom_artists_sel.asp?art=77~~~~ARTIST: Marcus King~~TITLE: Matukituki Valley, West of Lake Wanaka and Mount Aspiring~~MEDIUM: Oil on board~~

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Note: 11 Loasby Crescent, Newlands, Christmas visit

11 Loasby Crescent, Newlands, Christmas visit

Mona King is the mother of Don King, then husband of Stephanie King, who was the daughter of Marcus King. The shared 'King' surname is coincidental - there was no known family connection between Marcus and Mona prior to the marriage of Stephanie King and Don King.

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Note: Found on http://www.fernergalleries.co.nz/default,4534.sm
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Note: As found on scanned copy of 'Portrait of a Century - The History of the N.Z. Academy of Fine Arts 18…

As found on scanned copy of 'Portrait of a Century - The History of the N.Z. Academy of Fine Arts 1882-1982, by Robin Key and Tony Eden https://christchurchartgallery.org.nz/media/uploads/2017_12/PortraitOfACentury.pdf